Thyroid is a gland present at the base of the neck. It is responsible for producing the thyroid hormones which play a key role in managing the metabolism of the body.When this gland does not function properly, it can lead to a number of health issues like hyperthyroidism (too much of thyroid hormone produced), thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland),goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland), and the most common of all hypothyroidism (when the thyroid gland produces low levels of hormones).
In India, the ratio of people suffering from hypothyroidism is quite high. One among every 10 adults is affected. It is more common in the aged population and the fairer sex.
Hypothyroidism causes the body to slow down as the metabolic rate reduces significantly. Other effects of this health condition includes:
- Weight gain
- Heart diseases
- Miscarriages in pregnant women
- Mental health issues
Diet and lifestyle changes can go a long way in limiting the consequences of this disease.There are many health sites which offer online thyroid diet plan in India.These, if followed with care and sincerity can prove to be highly benefiting. A thyroid Diet plan broadly consists of the following-
The building block of the thyroid hormone is Iodine.Thus a thyroid diet plan will consist of food containing iodized salt and other supplements. But excess of iodine intake can affect the thyroid functioning adversely so do check with a dietitian for an informed choice.
Controlling High Carb Intake:
Foods which are high on carbohydrates need to be avoided, as they are proven to promote leptin resistance. The dysfunction of leptin (key thyroidal) hormone is one of the major causes of weight gain among thyroid patients.
Constraining Cruciferous Vegetables in Diet:
Vegetables like cabbage and broccoli, can have a negative impact on the thyroid hormone production. The thyroid gland’s ability to absorb iodine is affected in the process of digesting these foods. Therefore, they should be shunned off.
Selenium Rich Foods:
This is an important element to add in the diet of people suffering from hypothyroid. It helps protect the thyroid gland at the times of stress. Selenium-based enzymes and proteins help maintain optimal levels of thyroid hormone in the blood. Seafood, whole wheat bread, beef and lamb are some selenium rich foods.
Adding trace metals to the diet :
The metals like Zinc, Iron and Copper, though required in very less amounts, are significant for efficient thyroid functioning. Thyroid hormonal balance can lead to the deficiency of these elements or vice-versa. Thus, when suffering from thyroidal health issues dietitians will add to your diet foods like beef, oysters, sunflower seeds, lentils, white beans etc. to meet the demands of these elements.
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